Nobel Prize Winners

October 9, 2013

TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR SHARES NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS

François Englert, 80, a Belgian Holocaust survivor, was yesterday awarded the Nobel Prize in physics. Englert is a Sackler Professor in the School of Physics and Astronomy at Tel Aviv University, and has taught at, done research at, and been associated with Tel Aviv University for over 30 years. He is also a professor emeritus at the University of Brussels. Englert is a Belgium-born Jew, is a professor at Tel Aviv University, and a Holocaust survivor. In 2004, Englert won the Wolf prize, an Israeli award granted by the Wolf Foundation and seen as a precursor to the Nobel.  On Monday, the Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded to two American Jewish professors, James Rothman and Randy Schekman, together with Thomas Suedhof of Germany.They narrowly beat their Israeli colleagues to the prize. Hebrew University professors Howard Cedar and Aaron Razing were thought to be frontrunners in the run-up to the announcement. Both Israeli and Diaspora Jews have won an incredibly high number of Nobel Prizes.

ISRAELI PROF ARIEH WARSHEL WINS 2013 NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY

Israeli professor Arieh Warshel this morning won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, along with two other Jewish professors, Martin Karplus and Michael Levitt. The trio won the award “for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced. Warshel was born in 1940 in Kibbutz Sde Nahum, and teaches at Israel’s Weizmann Institute, among other universities. Vienna-born Karplus is from the Université de Strasbourg, France and Harvard University, in the U.S. Pretoria-born Levitt is from Stanford University, CA. Both of them are Jewish. Update: Michael Levitt is also an Israeli citizen. He taught at the Weizmann Institute in the 1980s. The latest Nobel laureates, Arieh Warshel and Michael Levitt, announced today, mark Israel’s fifth and sixth winners of the chemistry prize in under a decade. Martin Karplus fled to the U.S. from Nazi-occupied Austria, where he was hunted as a Jew.

_________________________________________________

Israeli Nobel Laureats:
2013   Michael Levitt, Chemistry
2013   Arieh Warshel, Chemistry
2011   Dan Shechtman, Chemistry
2011   Ada E. Yonath, Chemistry
2009  Robert Aumannborn in GermanyEconomics
2005  Aaron Ciechanover, Chemistry
2004  Avram Hershkoborn in Hungary, Chemistry
2004  Daniel Kahneman, Economics
2002  Yitzhak Rabin, Peace
1994   Shimon Peresborn in what was then Poland, now Belarus, Peace
1994   Menachem Beginborn in what was then Russia, now Belarus, Peace
1978   Shmuel Yosef Agnonborn in what was then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966

______________________________________________________________

The Global Jewish population is approximately 14,000,000; that is FOURTEEN MILLION or about 0.02% of the world’s population.

They have received the following Nobel Prizes:

Literature:

1910 – Paul Heyse
1927 – Henri Bergson
1958 – Boris Pasternak
1966 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon
1966 – Nelly Sachs
1976 – Saul Bellow
1978 – Isaac Bashevis Si nger
1981 – Elias Canetti
1987 – Joseph Brodsky
1991 – Nadine Gordimer
2002 – Imre Kertész
2004 – Elfriede Jelinek
2005 – Harold Pinter
Boris Pasternak, a Russian Jew, winner of the 1958 prize for literature, initially accepted the award, but—after intense pressure from Soviet authorities—subsequently declined it.

Peace:

1911 – Alfred Fried
1911 – Tobias Michael Carel Asser
1968 – Rene Cassin
1973 – Henry Kissinger
1978 – Menachem Begin
1986 – Elie Wiesel
1994 – Shimon Peres
1994 – Yitzhak Rabin
1995  –  Joseph Rotbla

Physics:

1905 – Adolph Von Baeyer
1906 – Henri Moissan
1907 – Albert Abraham Michelson
1908 – Gabriel Lippmann
1910 – Otto Wallach
1915 – Richard Willstaetter
1918 – Fritz Haber
1921 – Albert Einstein
1922 – Niels Bohr
1925 – James Franck
1925 – Gustav Hertz
1943 – Gustav Stern
1943 – George Charles de Hevesy
1944 – Isidor Issac Rabi
1952 – Felix Bloch
1954 – Max Born
1958 – Igor Tamm
1959 – Emilio Segre
1960 – Donald A. Glaser
1961 – Robert Hofstadter
1961 – Melvin Calvin
1962 – Lev Davidovich Landau
1962 – Max Ferdinand Perutz
1965 – Richard Phillips Feynman
1965 – Julian Schwinger
1969 – Murray Gell-Mann
1971 – Dennis Gabor
1972 – William Howard Stein
1973 – Brian David Josephson
1975 – Ben jamin Mottleson
1976 – Burton Richter
1977 – Ilya Prigogine
1978 – Arno Allan Penzias
1978 – Peter L Kapitza
1979 – Stephen Weinberg
1979 – Sheldon Glashow
1979 – Herbert Charles Brown
1980 – Paul Berg
1980 – Walter Gilbert
1981 – Roald Hoffmann
1982 – Aaron Klug
1985 – Albert A. Hauptman
1985 – Jerome Karle
1986 – Dudley R. Herschbach
1988 – Robert Huber
1988 – Leon Lederman
1988 – Melvin Schwartz
1988 – Jack Steinberger
1989 – Sidney Altman
1990 – Jerome Friedman
1992 – Rudolph Marcus
1995 – Martin Perl
1995  –  Frederick Reines
1996 – David Morris Lee
1996  –  Douglas D. Osheroff
1997 – Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
2000 – Zhores Alferov
2000  –  Alan J. Heeger
2003 – Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov
2003 –  Vitaly Ginzburg
2004 – David Gross
2005 – Roy J. Glauber
2011 – Adam Riess
2011  –  Saul Perlmutter
2012 – Serge Haroche
2013 – François Englert

Chemistry:

1905 – Adolf von Baeye
1906 – Henri Moissan
1910 – Otto Wallach
1915 – Richard Willstätter
1918 – Fritz Haber
1943 – George de Hevesy
1961 – Melvin Calvin
1962 – Max Perutz
1972 – Christian B. Anfinsen
1972 – William Howard Stein
1977- Ilya Prigogine
1979 -Herbert C. Brown
1980 – Paul Berg
1980 – Walter Gilbert
1981 – Roald Hoffmanns
1982 – Aaron Klug
1985 – Jerome Karle
1985 – Herbert A. Hauptman
1989 – Sidney Altman
1992 – Rudolph A. Marcus
1994 – George Andrew Olah
1996 – Harry Krototheory
2000 – Alan J. Heeger
2004 – Aaron Ciechanover
2004 – Avram Hershko
2004 – Irwin Rose
2006 – Roger D. Kornberg
2008 – Martin Chalfie
2009 – Ada Yonath
2011 – Dan Shechtman
2012 – Robert Lefkowitz
2013 – Martin Karplus
2013 – Michael Levitt
2013 – Arieh Warshel

Economics:

1970 – Paul Samuelson
1971 – Simon Kuznets
1972 – Kenneth Arrow
1973 – Wassily Leontief
1975 – Leonid Kantorovich
1976 – Milton Friedman
1978 – Herbert A. Simon
1980 – Lawrence Klein
1985 – Franco Modigliani
1987 – Robert Solow
1990 – Harry Markowitz
1990 – Merton Miller
1992 – Gary Becker
1993 – Robert Fogel
1994 – John Harsanyi
1997 – Myron Scholes
2001 – Joseph Stiglitz
2001 – George Akerlof
2002 – Daniel Kahneman
2005 – Robert Aumann
2007 – Leonid Hurwicz
2007 – Eric Maskin
2007 – Roger Myerson
2008 – Paul Krugman
2010 – Peter Diamond
2012 – Alvin E. Roth

Physiology or Medicine:

1908 – Élie Metchnikoff
1908 – Paul Ehrlich
1914 – Robert Bárány
1922 – Otto Fritz Meyerhof
1930 – Karl Landsteiner
1931 – Otto Heinrich Warburg
1936 – Otto Loewi
1944 – Joseph Erlanger
1944 – Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 – Ernst Boris Chain
1946 – Hermann Joseph Muller”
1947 – Gerty Cori
1950 – Tadeusz Reichstein
1952 – Selman Waksman
1953  –  Hans Adolf Krebs
1953 – Fritz Albert Lipmann
1958 – Joshua Lederberg
1959 – Arthur Kornberg
1964 – Konrad Emil Bloch
1965 – François Jacob
1965 – André Michel Lwoff
1967 – George Wald
1968 – Marshall Warren Nirenberg
1969 – Salvador Luria
1970 – Julius Axelrod
1970 – Bernard Katz
1972 – Gerald Edelman
1975 – David Baltimore
1975 – Howard Martin Temin
1976 – Baruch Samuel Blumberg
1977 – Andrew Schally
1977 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
1978 – Daniel Nathans
1980 – Baruj Benacerraf
1984 – César Milstein
1985 – Michael Stuart Brown
1985 – Joseph L. Goldstein
1986 – Stanley Cohen
1986 – Rita Levi-Montalcini
1988 – Gertrude B. Elion
1989 – Harold E. Varmus
1994 – Alfred G. Gilman
1994 – Martin Rodbell
1997 – Stanley B. Prusiner
1998 – Robert F. Furchgott
2000 – Paul Greengard
2000 – Eric Kandel
2002 – Sydney Brenner
2002 – H. Robert Horvitz
2004 – Richard Axel
2006 – Andrew Fire
2011 – Ralph M. Steinman
2011 – Bruce Beutler
2013 – James E. Rothman
2013 – Randy W. Schekman

TOTAL: 204

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s